Use Of Angioplasty For Treatment Of Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) or peripheral vascular disease (PVD) describes a medical term that refers to a vascular disease affecting the peripheral blood vessels (particularly the arteries). Normally, the disease occurs in the legs. However, the disease can affect the kidney or stomach vessels also. The disease is identified by narrowing of lumen of arteries which develop cholesterol deposits on the inner wall of an artery. These deposits are known as atherosclerotic plaques. Although the disease affects both small and large vessels (microvascular or macrovascular), main effect is because of the involvement of large vessels. Therefore, the major risk is a decrease in tissue perfusion and blood flow.

Angioplasty with or without vascular stenting can be described as a minimally invasive procedure that is conducted for improving the blood flow in the arteries and veins of our body. Normally, it is utilized for treatment of conditions which involve a blockage or narrowing of veins or arteries within the body. Therefore, angioplasty for peripheral vascular disease is also recommended. In the patients suffering from this disease, angioplasty with stenting or angioplasty alone might be utilized for opening up a blocked artery in the arm, pelvis or leg. However, is certain cases surgery or angioplasty might be required for improvement of blood flow.

During angioplasty for peripheral vascular disease, a small mesh tube known as a stent might be permanently placed within the vein or artery that has been opened. This helps in keeping the vein or artery open. The imaging techniques are utilized for guiding a balloon-tipped catheter into the vein or artery and introduce it to an area where a vessel is blocked or narrow.

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