Usefulness Of Biliary Interventions

Biliary interventions refer to the minimally invasive procedures that help in treatment of blockages or the contraction of the bile ducts. Moreover, such techniques could be utilized for treatment of an infected or inflamed gallbladder.

Bile is a fluid which enables the digestion of fats present in food products. It is produced by the liver and gets stored in the gallbladder. Whenever the need arises, the contraction of the gall bladder releases bile through the ducts into the small intestine. However, if the bile duct gets blocked, the fluid is not able to pass through the intestine. This might cause jaundice. On the other hand, if the bile duct connecting the gall bladder to the remaining bile ducts gets blocked, it causes infection or inflammation. Normally, the gallbladder is removed in this situation. This is done either by an open surgery or laparoscopically.

Biliary Interventions Consist Of The Following:

Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC): It is an x-ray procedure which involves the introduction of contrast material into the bile duct present inside the liver for producing pictures of bile ducts. In case a contraction or blockage is detected, other procedures might be performed. These include:
  1. Insertion of catheter to remove excess bile out from the body.
  2. Stent Placement: A small metal or plastic tube is positioned inside the duct. The tube helps the duct to remain open or to avoid a barrier thereby enabling the fluid to drain internally.
  3. Removing the gallstones (stone-like objects which get formed inside the bile ducts or gall bladder).
The technique does not involve any surgical incision and thus helps in avoiding the associated risks.

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