Bone Mineral Density Test To Assess Bone Density In Spine

Bone mass measurement is the way to determine bone density and to evaluate the risk of fracture for Osteoporosis. Bone mineral density is performed on younger postmenopausal women, on women who have had fracture in the past and on all women above 65 who have higher risk of Osteoporosis. The bone density is also conducted on the following:
  • Estrogen deficient women who are at a higher for Osteoporosis
  • Individuals having vertebral abnormalities
  • Persons being monitored to evaluate the response of an approved osteoporosis drug therapy.
  • Individuals with primary hyperparathyroidism
The bone mineral density test is painless, noninvasive and safe. The test measures the bone density in spine, hip and wrist, the sites that are more prone to fracture. The bone density is compared to two standards:
  • Age matched: Compares your bone density to what is expected in someone of your age, sex and size
  • Young normal: Compares your density to the optimal peak bone density of a healthy young adult of the same sex
There are different machines that measure the bone density in different parts of the body. Central machines are used to measure density in the hip, spine and total body. DXA (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry), QCT (Quantitative Computed Tomography) and DPA (Dual Photon Absorptiometry) are some of the machines that measure bone density in spine, hip or total body.

The test result enables doctors to decide the best medical treatment for your bone health. The doctor can decide the course of action to be followed for prevention or treatment.

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