Find Exact Numbers of Bone Density through the Newer Technological Methods
In the language of medicine, bone density represents to the amount of matters per cubic centimeter of bones. With the help of radiology techniques, physicians can measure the matter in a very noninvasive way. The bone scanning technology has enabled us to find diagnosis of the bone related problems like bone cancer, bone fracture, bone inflammation etc. Since the scaling is painless, it helps to give minimal radiation exposure through which the exact bone density numbers can be found.
There are three major types of parameters that denote to the measurement about the numbers/quantity of bone density such as g/m2, T-score and Z- score. T-score includes standard deviation above/below the mean of the healthy person of same age and sex, whereas z-score works on the standard deviation by including above/below the mean of the patient’s sex and age. Ultrasound appears to be a cost-effective method of screening bone mass and it usually performs at the calcaneous.
To diagnose osteoporosis, the technology to read the fragility of the bone is very useful. The bone mineral density (BMD) test is known as the best way to determine the bone density numbers. The most famous BMD test is called a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, or DXA test. This test can measure bone density at your hip and spine. The other technological methods include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography. These techniques can measure the numbers or existence of bone density at the hand, radius or ankle.