Go through Several Advanced Techniques to Find Exact Bone Density Results
There are several modern and advanced technologies to determine bone technology, and in medical term it refers to the determination of amount of matter per square centimeter of bones. Through this measurement procedure (densitometer) we get exact bone density results to perform appropriate treatments. It is a painless as well as non-invasive treatment that involves minimal radiation exposure.
Nuclear medicine is used under bone scanning techniques for measurements that are commonly made over the lumber spine and over the upper part of the hip. The most used technological method includes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), X-ray computed tomography, and ultrasound. They are able to give useful bone density results of bone metabolism measurement. Usually, the average density comes around 1500 kg m-3. These techniques are different from the bone density scanning in which we use a low exposure x-ray. On the other hand radiopharmaceuticals are used to perform nuclear medicine technique for the bone rebuilding activity.
Ultrasound is very useful technique taken for the bone density test and other primary problems. The dual energy x-ray absorptiometry or DEXA test can successfully measure the bone density; even it can scale as less as 2 percent loss of density per year. On the other hand, single energy x-ray absorptiometry (SEXA) can provide comprehensive bone density results for the bones of forearms and heel. Another newer technology called peripheral dual energy absorptiometry (P-DEXA) test is used to scale the bone density of arms, legs and wrists.
Two more advanced technologies known as Dual photon absorptiometry test (DPA test) and Quantitative computer tomography scan (Q-CT scan) are also able to yield useful bone density results for treatment.