Brain Aneurysm Embolization: A Minimally Invasive Treatment to Cure Aneurysm

The brain aneurysm embolization is a minimally invasive diagnosis method. It is used to treat aneurysms (a permanent cardiac or arterial dilatation usually caused by weakening of the vessel wall) and other blood vessel malfunctions called fistulas occurred in the brain. The brain aneurysm is a cerebrovascular disorder in which the wall of a cerebral artery or vein causes a localized dilation or ballooning of the blood vessel.

An aneurysm is a bulge that develops in the weak wall of vessel. Its development in the brain may compress surrounding nerves and brain tissue resulting in nerve paralysis, headache, neck and upper back pain as well as nausea and vomiting. Embolization is a useful treatment for aneurysm and fistulas in the brain that can be performed on both ruptured and unruptured aneurysms. This method is very useful for patients who are not suitable to go through brain surgery and want to avoid a blood transfusion.

In the Brain Aneurysm Embolization procedure, physician inserts a catheter (a long, thin, hollow plastic tube) through the skin into an artery. With the help of image-guiding, a catheter is maneuvered through the body to the site of aneurysm. Now, one or more coils are inserted through the catheter and then body responds by forming clots around the coil(s). So it helps to block the flow of blood into the bulge and keep the vessel from breaking or leaking. Here, an X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or angiogram is being used to confirm the position of the coils. So that it can be treated effectively.


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