Breast Cancer Diagnosis And Treatment

Breast cancer refers to a malignant tumor originating and developed in the breast. Usually, it begins in the cells of the lobules or the ducts that supply drain milk from the lobules to the nipple. Such cancer can begin in the stromal tissues, which involves the fatty and fibrous connective tissues of the breast. It is also known as ductal carcinomas. There are different types of breast cancer based on different stages, aggressiveness, and genetic makeup. This disease is about 100 times more common in women than in men.

The very first symptom of this disease is a lump that feels different from other breast tissues. This lump probably grows for years and quite noticeable. This lump indicates the changes in breast size or shape, skin dimpling, nipple inversion etc. In the condition of cancer cell invasion its presence can be realized in the form of skin inflammation that is inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). This type of cancer originates pain, swelling, warmth and redness throughout the breast. Another symptom of breast cancer is Paget’s disease of the breast that includes tingling, itching, burning, increased sensitivity, and pain. There may be discharge from the nipple.

There are some medical treatments available to diagnose breast cancer that include surgery, drug (hormonal therapy and chemotherapy), and radiation. Radiotherapy is often given after surgery to the region of the cancerous cells to destroy microscopic tumors that may have escaped surgery. This treatment can be performed as radiotherapy or as breachtherapy. Radiation can reduce the risk of recurrence if delivered in the correct dose.

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