Cardiac Ultrasonography – To Evaluate Your Heart Health

The heart is the organ responsible for pumping blood through the arteries. Problems with the heart can be detected using several imaging modalities. Cardiac Ultrasonography is one of them. This technique is also known as echocardiogram or echocardiography.

Cardiac Ultrasonography is a medical imaging technique that uses sound waves to generate images of the heart or blood moving through it. The sound waves get altered and reflected by the tissues. Eventually these sound waves are converted by a computer into a visual image of the heart.

This is a non-invasive and painless imaging method.  This imaging technique provides moving images of your heart that will help him or her evaluate your heart health. This technique enables the doctors to observe the heart beating while evaluating the heart valves and chambers.  

Cardiac Ultrasonography can be categorized into four types. These are transthoracic, transesophageal, doppler and stress. The transthoracic is the most simple and commonly used technique. This technique helps a cardiologist diagnose problems with the valves, chambers or pumping action of the heart and also in the assessment of congenital heart defects. This technique also assists in diagnosing pericarditis, endocarditis, emboli (blood clots), atrial fibrillation and pulmonary hypertension.

During the procedure, the doctor applies a gel to the chest of the patient and moves the transducer across the chest, occasionally changing angles to transmit and receive the sound waves and get better images. This technique involves no radiation exposure and gives a more detailed image as compared to a regular X-ray image. An array of transducers can be used to generate a three dimensional ultrasound image.

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