Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis: An Effective Treatment to Remove Blood Clots From The Circulatory System

Thrombolysis is a minimally invasive diagnosis that is used to remove abnormal blood clots in blood vessels to improve blood flow and prevent further damage to tissue and organs. The catheter-directed thrombolysis is considered when blood does not flow smoothly through a vessel and it turns from a free-flowing liquid to a semi-solid gel or blood clots. Such blood clots may cause blockage within blood vessels that may continue to grow. In some cases these blood clots come from one site, dislodge, travel downstream, and lodge in relatively smaller vessels, it is called embolization. Under the catheter-directed thrombolysis procedure, X-ray imaging can be used for a special medication. With the help of X-ray imaging device, the blockage of blood clots can be dissolve easily.

There are some common uses where catheter-directed thrombolysis procedure is required. It can be used to treat blood clots in arteries and veins that cause problems such as - It is used in condition of deep thrombosis (blood clots in any part of the circulatory system) in the vascular bed of the diseased arteries. Such clots may grow enough to block the vein. This treatment is useful to diagnose pulmonary embolism, in which a clot that break loose, travels through the bloodstream and lodge in either an organ or artery forming a complete blockage in the blood. Catheter-directed Thrombolysis is also considered under dialysis fistulas or grafts.

This treatment uses X-ray guidance and a contrast material that supports in finding blood vessel, and physicians can easily insert a catheter through the skin into a vessel and maneuver it to the site of blockage. Now, the blood clots can be dissolved in one of two ways; by injecting medication directly to the blood clot, and by putting a mechanical device at the exact site to break up or remove the existing clot. These image-guided minimally invasive procedures are often performed by the trained interventional radiologist. And with the help of X-rays, the physician will insert a catheter through the skin into a blood vessel and advance it to the area of poor circulation of blood. So that it can be treated effectively with less incision.

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