Catheter Embolization: A Minimally Invasive Treatment To Ensure Adequate Flow Of Blood To Your Body

Embolization is a new minimally invasive treatment method where synthetic materials or embolic agents are placed through a catheter into the blood vessels to prevent blood flow to the specific area. Embolization helps to reduce blood flow to one or more blood vessels that are doing more harm than good. It also can be used to control abnormal bleeding and to shut down the vessels that support a growing tumor. By therapeutic embolization, physicians can eliminate an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), an abnormal communication between an artery and a vein.

There are some common uses of catheter embolization for which it is performed, such as- bleeding that result from an injury, tumor or gastrointestinal tract lesions like ulcer or diverticular disease. It can be used to prevent long menstrual periods or heavy menstrual bleeding. This treatment is an effective alternative to a hysterectomy, the surgical removal of the uterus. Doctors use this method to close or occlude the vessels that are supplying blood to a tumor, so after embolization it may shrink or grow with slow pace. Catheter Embolization is useful to eliminate AVM or arteriovenous fistula (AVF) that act like circuit diverting blood from fully circulating and delivering oxygen where it is needed. It can be performed alone or combined with other treatments including surgery or radiation.

To perform this treatment, physicians use X-ray imaging and a contrast material to visualize the blood vessels. After that, interventional radiologist inserts a catheter through the skin into a blood vessel and advances to the treatment. In this way this treatment requires some common agents such as X-ray equipment, a catheter and a variety of materials and medications. So the Catheter Embolization can be performed effectively along with the help of radiation equipments.

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