Imaging Techniques Have Eased the Treatment Procedure In Pediatric
Pediatric or children’s nuclear medicine refers to the treatment using medicine imaging. It uses small amount of radioactive material to diagnose several diseases including various types of cancers, abnormalities and other heart disease within infants, children, and adolescents. Generally, their upper age limit ranges from 12 to 21.
Pediatric surgery or paediatric surgery involves the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescent, and other young adults. The use of nuclear medicine or radionuclide imaging has made the procedure noninvasive. Now physicians can perform painless medical tests to diagnose certain medical conditions. Here imaging scan uses radioactive materials that are called as radiopharmaceuticals or radiotracers. The radiotracer can be infused through injection into a vein, swallowed or inhaled as a gas. After that, it accumulates in the area on the body and emits energy in the form gamma rays from that part of body. Further the energy is detected by gamma camera (position emission tomography). The attached devices work together with a computer to produce special pictures, by which structure and function of the organs and tissues can be analyzed.
To produce special views of the nuclear medicine images, it is being superimposed with computed tomography, so that pediatrics can be performed more sophistically. And to perform more precision in the treatment, these special views are being correlated and interpreted with different studies. Now, Manufacturers are making single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT). So nuclear medicine imaging is proving to be effective diagnosis method in pediatrics to treat childhood disorders and evaluate their organ system.