Diagnostic Radiology As A Career
A diagnostic radiologist is a physician who specializes in obtaining as well as interpreting medical images. The images can be obtained through x-rays (fluoroscopy, CT and radiographs) or radioactive material (nuclear medicine) or through other means like sound waves or MRI.
Majority of physicians conduct physical examination of patients, obtain their medical histories, identify the illness and prescribe as well as administer the treatment to individuals suffering from a disease or injury. However, a diagnostic radiologist correlates the findings of examination to other tests and examinations. He/she also recommends further treatments or examinations and consults with the referring physicians. Moreover, a radiologist also treats the diseases through radiations (nuclear medicine or radiation oncology) or image-guided, minimally invasive surgery (interventional radiology).
Similar to other physicians, such radiologists also need to graduate from a reputed medial school. Moreover, the person needs to pass the relevant examination and complete a minimum of four years of education in radiology. Besides this, after completion of residency, such physicians might select a particular fellowship program. The program involves sub-specialization in one or more than one area of radiology. In addition, the fellowship program includes extensive research and clinical work.
Generally, sub-specialization is offered in a particular branch of radiology. The popular areas for sub-specialization include breast imaging, cardiovascular radiology, chest radiology, Emergency Radiology, Gastrointestinal (GI) Radiology, Genitourinary Radiology, Head and Neck Radiology, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Neuroradiology, Pediatric Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Radiology. Depending upon his/her area of interest and abilities, a radiologist can opt for any sub-specialization.