Fetal Ultrasonography To Evaluate The Growth And Development Of A Baby

Fetal ultrasonography is an imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of a baby in the uterus. The images of the fetus, the placenta and the liquid that surround the fetus that is the amniotic fluid can be obtained using this test. This test is done to confirm pregnancy and to determine how your pregnancy is progressing. During pregnancy, the doctor suggests fetal ultrasonography to evaluate the baby’s growth and development.

A Fetal Ultrasound Can Be Done For The Following Reasons:

  • To confirm pregnancy and its location: When the embryos develop in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus, the doctor can detect and treat a tubal pregnancy using this imaging technique.
  • To determine the baby’s gestational age and to determine the due date
  • If the doctor suspects a multiple pregnancy, he can determine the number of babies
  • To determine a baby’s growth and also to observe the baby's movement, breathing and heart rate
  • To study the placenta that provides vital nutrients and oxygen-rich blood to the baby
  • To detect fetal abnormalities
  • To investigate the cause of bleeding during pregnancy
  • To determine the fetal position before delivery

The Various Types Of Fetal Ultrasound Exams That Are Available Include:

  • Standard ultrasound to determine baby's gestational age and evaluate your baby's growth and development
  • Transvaginal ultrasound test is usually done during early pregnancy, when the uterus and fallopian tubes are closer to the vagina than to the abdominal surface.
  • Specialized or targeted ultrasound is done to examine a suspected problem and using sophisticated equipments.
  • Three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound helps to evaluate a baby's growth and development, and to detect facial abnormalities or neural tube defects.
  • Doppler ultrasound provides details about a baby's circulation.
  • Fetal echocardiography provides a detailed picture of a baby's heart.
A fetal ultrasound helps the doctors in determining the baby’s growth and overall development.

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