What Fibromuscular Dysplasia Is All About?

Fibromuscular Dysplasia is a medical disorder characterized by abnormal cellular growth in the walls of medium and large arteries. The word “dysplasia” means abnormal cellular development or growth. This abnormal cellular growth may cause the artery to narrow, damaging the organs that receive blood through the narrowed artery. This can lead to a number of complications such as high blood pressure and aneurysms.

This medical disorder is more common in women between ages 30 and 50, but can also occur in children and the elderly. FMD occurs more frequently in women as compared to men.

Although The Causes Of FMD Are Still Unknown, There Are Several Factors That May Play A Role Include:

  • Hormonal influences: FMD is most common in women of childbearing age. In premenopausal women, hormones may play a role in the development of fibromuscular dysplasia.
  • Genetics: About 10 percent of cases are familial. There are number of case reports in which the disease has been identified in multiple members of the same family including twins. There is a strong possibility that there is a genetic root for the development of this disease.
  • Internal mechanical stress: This includes trauma or stress to the artery walls.
  • Loss of oxygen supply to the blood vessel wall: This occurs when the tiny blood vessels in the artery walls that supply blood vessel walls with oxygenated blood get blocked by fibrous lesions.
If the arteries to your kidneys are affected, you may have high blood pressure, tissue death in your kidney, or chronic kidney failure. In case the carotid arteries are affected, one may experience dizziness, Blurred vision or temporary loss of vision, neck pain or chronic headaches. You may experience abdominal pain after eating or unintended weight loss if the arteries to your abdomen are affected.

If you experience, any of the signs or symptoms listed then you need to consult a doctor immediately.


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