Difference in the Applications of MRI for Men and Women
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) describes a non-invasive medical test which facilitates physicians in the diagnosis as well as treatment of medical conditions. The technology utilizes an effective magnetic field, a computer as well as radio frequency pulses for producing detailed images of soft tissues, organs, bones as well as other internal structures of the body. These images could be examined over a computer screen, copied to any compact disk, printed or transmitted electronically. This imaging technique does not use X-rays (ionizing radiations).
Generally, Magnetic Resonance Imaging of human body is performed for evaluating the organs of abdomen and the chest. These organs include the biliary tract, the heart, spleen, pancreas, adrenal glands, liver, bowel and kidneys. However, the application of magnetic resonance imaging in males and females is different for some specific organs. For instance, the pelvic MRI of males is utilized for examination of individuals who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer. It is also used for examination of the muscles and bones of pelvis. But in females, pelvic MRI enables a detailed view of the uterus and ovaries. At times, it is also used for follow-up of an abnormality which has been detected during ultrasound.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging in males and females under constant stress has revealed the difference in response of brains to strenuous situations. In females, stress stimulated the limbic system that is related to emotional responses. However, in males an increase in blood flow to left orbitofrontal cortex implied the activation of flight or fight response.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging of human body is carried out for evaluation of pelvic organs such as the reproductive organs in female (ovaries, cervix and uterus) and male (testicles and prostate).