Importance of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
As developed on the concept of the magnetic technology, magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a technique for investigation of fatal diseases in the human body. With the help of this technique, doctors find the disturbance of the body's energy metabolism, including ischaemia and toxic damage due to drugs or other chemicals.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) only gives the information about the structure of the body i.e. the distribution of water and fat, but MRS facilitates the doctors and researchers to find the biochemical information about the tissues of the human body in a non-invasive way i.e. without doing any biopsy. As for example, through MRI, doctors can find where a tumor or cancer is located in the patient’s body; whereas, with the help of MRS, doctors find more detail information i.e. how aggressive the tumor is.
Furthermore, MRS equipment can be regulated in the same manner as a radio receiver in order to receive the signals from different chemical nuclei of the body. However, the most common nuclei have been studied through this process are protons (hydrogen), fluorine, sodium, and phosphorus.
These days, MRS is largely used as a tool by scientists (particularly, biochemists and medical physicists) for medical research projects, but it is obvious that it also has the potential to provide useful clinical information to the doctors pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
In the present time, magnetic resonance spectroscopy is used to investigate a number of diseases in the human body; important of them are brain cancer, breast cancer, prostate, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s chorea, and epilepsy.