The Significance of Neuro Interventional Radiology

Radiology is the subspecialty or branch of medicine which makes use of imaging technologies such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Computed Tomography, X-Rays, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, Positron emission tomography (PET), angiography and various other techniques for diagnosis as well as treatment of diseases. Broadly, there are two branches of radiology. These are diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology. Interventional radiology refers to the use of minimally invasive medical procedures under the guidance of imaging technologies. There are several disciplines in the field of interventional radiology.

Neuro interventional radiology describes a medical specialty that focuses on treatment of vascular diseases related to the central nervous system (neck, head and brain). In general, several minimally invasive technologies are utilized for treatment of patients suffering from such diseases. The field is a comparatively new and growing specialty which utilizes such techniques for diagnosis and treatment of several disorders. These could be the disorders of blood vessels of spine, head and neck.

In the past, specific conditions such as vascular malformations, aneurysms as well as tumors of the brain, spine and neck needed open surgery. However, such conditions can be considered for minimally invasive treatment utilizing endovascular approach that helps in identification of the problem.

During the treatment of a patient suffering from a vascular disease, a neurointerventional radiologists needs to collaborate with neurosurgeons and neurologists. Different medical devices such as balloons, stents and microcatheters are utilized for treatment of the diseases. Generally, the techniques are deployed for treatment of strokes, clots, vascular formations and aneurysm.    

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