Neuroradiology for Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients
Neuroradiology is the sub-specialty of radiology focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of brain, spinal cord, head and neck, and vascular lesions using x-rays, magnetic fields, radio waves, and ultrasound. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the primary imaging modalities. Angiography is used for diagnosis of vascular abnormalities. Neuroradiologists perform CT scans, MRI scans, nyelography, neuroanigiography and neurointerventional procedures to provide information to the doctors. The doctors use the information for better diagnosis and treatment of the patients.
Neuroradiologists are physicians who specialize in the filed of radiology. After completing four rigorous years of training (known as residency), the neuroradiologists undergoes two additional years of fellowship training under the guidance of trained neuroradiologists. Radiologists have to pass the board exam in radiology to get certification for practice. This exam includes two–day written exam followed by a day of oral examination. Having extra training and experience in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology improves their interpretation and performance of neuroradiological procedures.
These specialists play a pivotal role in diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders. Internists, neurosurgeons, radiation therapists seek guidance of neuroradiologists for better understanding and interpretation of neuroimaging studies. They prescribe various tests such as X-rays, magnetic resonance images (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) scans of the brain, spine and spinal cord, face and neck, and peripheral nerves to assess the neurological symptoms of the patient. These examinations enable neuroradiologists to diagnose stroke, tumor, genetic conditions, aneurysms, Alzheimer's disease and other causes neurological abnormality at an early stage.
Valuable input from the neuroradiologists help the treating physician in early diagnosis to start treatment at the earliest possible time.