The Sophisticated Use of Nuclear Medicine Applications Promise to Produce Good Image of Body Organs
Nuclear medicine is a broad term that involves both diagnostic and therapeutic processes. Another class of processes includes some other diagnostic procedures like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which takes nuclear properties but not exposure to ionizing radiation. Under the nuclear medicine applications, a patient is given a radiation dose of radioactive isotopes (radionuclides). These radionuclides are combined with other chemical compounds of pharmaceuticals.
Radiation doses delivered to a patient under a nuclear medicine investigation present a minimal risk of inducing cancer. The radiopharmaceuticals have the ability to extent the images of a disease-process in the body. Nuclear medicine is also used for therapeutic purposes for the treatment of thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism, blood imbalances and pain relief. The nuclear medicine applications provide a safe and effective way to get information. Such tests are very sensitive to the abnormalities in body organs structure and function. The techniques involved in the tests can identify the abnormalities very early in the progresses of a disease.
The modern health care techniques cover a range of aspects in the nuclear medical imaging. Nowadays, these nuclear medical applications include medical x-rays, dental x-rays, brachytherapy, teletherapy, nuclear medicine diagnosis and nuclear medicine therapy. Today, nuclear medicine imaging applications range from the relatively cheap dental x-rays machines to dedicated sites with particle accelerators to generate isotopes for positron emission tomography (PET). The nuclear medicine scans can be superimposed on images with the help of sophisticated modalities such as computed tomography or medical resonance imaging to highlight the part of the body in which the radiopharmaceutical is concentrated. Such nuclear medicine practice is referred as image fusion or co-registration, such as SPECT/CT and PET/CT.