A Brief Description of the Nuclear Medicine Radiation Therapy

In nuclear medicine radiation therapy the radioactive substances are used for the imaging of the body and the treatment of various diseases. The positive fact about the nuclear medicine radiation therapy is that it takes into account the physiology as well as the anatomy of the human body. Thus it is far much more superior to the other radiation therapies that are used by the physicians in diagnosing and treating some of the most dreaded diseases like the cancer. It is a known fact that the human body is opaque and the procedures that are used to look inside the human body are generally painful. But today there are many non-invasive methods that can be used to look inside the human body. Some of these methods are the MRI, CT scan, X-rays, ultrasound etc. The nuclear medicine radiation therapies provide the physicians with another approach to look inside the human body while treating various diseases. These techniques use the detectors, computers as well as the radioactive substances.

Some of these techniques are:

  • Positron Emission Tomography
  • Single Photon Emission Computed tomography (SPECT)
  • Bone scanning
  • Cardiovascular imaging

Different properties of radioactive elements are used in all of these techniques. The nuclear medicine radiation therapy is useful in detecting:

  1. aneurysms
  2. tumors
  3. blood cell disorders
  4. inadequate functioning of the organs like the thyroid and pulmonary function deficiencies
  5. Irregular or inadequate blood flow to the various tissues
The use of any of these techniques or a combination of the techniques is done depending upon the disease that is being diagnosed and the symptoms of the patient.

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