Scope Of A Career In Nuclear Medicine Radiology
Nuclear medicine is that branch of diagnostic medical imaging which utilizes small quantities of radioactive material for diagnosis or treatment of various diseases. This includes different kinds of cancers, certain heart diseases as well as some specific abnormalities present in human body.
A nuclear medicine radiologist also known as a nuclear radiologist is physician who utilizes radioactive materials known as radiopharmaceuticals for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. These professionals employ techniques such as scintigraphy that utilizes radiopharmaceuticals for producing images of organs or visualizing specific diseases. The radioactive materials can be injected directly into the patient’s blood or may be ingested or inhaled by a patient.
These radiologists utilize radiopharmaceuticals for treatment of diseases such as thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism, painful bone metastases or solid tumors. During the treatment for hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), Radioiodine I-131 therapy is utilized. Moreover, the treatment team comprises of a trained nuclear medicine radiologist, thyroid surgeon, oncologist and endocrinologist.
Nuclear medicine offers a number promising career options. However, first of all an individual needs to determine which field of nuclear medicine interests him/her. This could be nuclear medicine radiology, nuclear pharmacy or nuclear medicine technology. Moreover, an individual can even practice as a physician in the field of nuclear medicine.
After completing graduation from a medical school, a nuclear medicine radiologist needs to complete a four-year residency in the field of diagnostic radiology. During the program, an individual is trained in various imaging techniques, which includes therapeutic and diagnostic applications of radioactive pharmaceuticals. Further, he/she is also required to undergo additional training in nuclear medicine.