An Overview Of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Nuclear medicine technology incorporates the utilization of radioactive materials known as radiopharmaceuticals. These materials are used for creating images of organs, analyzing biological specimens, studying body functions and treatment of diseases. This technology is capable of saving the patients from the trauma and pain related to investigative surgery. Moreover, the detailed images produced by nuclear medicine scans are capable of determining the size and location of tumors or diseases without a surgery.
During organ-imaging procedures the administration of radiopharmaceuticals is done orally, through inhalation or intravenously. The radioactive material focuses on a specified organ system or organ. Scintillation cameras can be used for detection of radiations emitted by radiopharmaceuticals concentrated within an organ. A computer image of the specific organ is produced through the camera. These images help medical professionals in studying the structure and measuring the functions of organs. Moreover, the images are also utilized for identification of areas of infection, tumors or disorders. Since the dose of radiation is small, the patients do not experience any discomfort while undergoing the procedure.
This branch of nuclear medicine technology has witnessed significant growth during the last few years. Moreover, the developments in medical technology are expected to increase the utilization of nuclear medicine for diagnostic purposes.
Nuclear medicine technologists utilize the skill and art of therapeutics and diagnostic imaging through effective and safe utilization of radionuclides. These technologists are an important part of health-care teams. They work in collaboration with physicists, computer specialists, nuclear pharmacists, secretaries, nurses as well as other health care professionals.