Osteopania Can Be the First Step to Osteoporosis

Osteopania is considered to be a precursor to osteoporosis. Osteopania results when bone mineral density is lower than normal. This involves gradual loss of calcium from the bones, thereby making the bones thinner and fragile.

If the bone mineral density is lower than normal, bone formation is not enough to offset normal bone loss, then you may have Osteopania. As the bones lose minerals, the bones tend to become weaker. If not treated on time, there is possibility of developing osteoporosis. Women are more likely to develop Osteopania and osteoporosis as compared to men.  This is because at the time of menopause, hormonal changes take place leading to rapid loss of bone mass.

Some of the Common Factors That Contribute To Osteopania Are:

  • Eating disorder that do not allow the body to use enough vitamins and minerals
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Prolonged use of glucocorticoid medications
  • Excess consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking, tobacco use
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Heredity
There are no symptoms of Osteopania. Specialized tests such as bone mineral density test can determine the rate of bone loss and can detect osteoporosis before a fracture occurs.

Apart from medical therapy, calcium enriched diet, regular exercise, change in lifestyle can reduce your risk of bone loss and can keep osteoporosis at bay. In order to prevent Osteopania, young adult should have plenty of minerals and vitamins D through diet and should encourage regular exercise and should avoid smoking or alcohol to increase bone density. At the age of 30, bone density is maximum; so for young adults below 30, change in the lifestyle and diet can have long term benefits. For people above 30, there should be a change in the lifestyle to slow or stop bone loss and reduce the risk of fracture.

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