Cancer

Cancer comes in a variety of forms and occurs when cells in the body begin to grow chaotically. Normal cells grow, divide, and produce more cells to keep the body healthy and functioning as it should.

Sometimes, on occasion this grow and divide process goes wrong and cells keep dividing, producing new cells that are not needed. The mass of extra cells that is produced forms a growth or tumor, which can be benign or malignant.

  • Benign tumors: Theses are not cancer. Benign tumours are often removed and, in most cases, they do not come back. Cells in benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body and benign tumors are rarely life threatening.
  • Malignant tumors are cancerous. Cells in malignant tumors are abnormal and divide without control or order invading and destroying cells and the tissue around them.

PET/CT is an excellent tool for helping diagnose and plan the treatment of cancerous growths in many areas of the body.

Providing a diagnosis tool that can offer surgeons earlier diagnosis of tumours, accurate staging and an extremely accurate location of the tumour, PET/CT scans are used in the diagnosis and treatments of the following types of cancers in the body:

  • Breast cancer

Breast cancer is tumors that begin in the breast tissue. Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, other than skin cancer.

  • Esophageal cancer

The esophagus is the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. Cancers of the esophagus start from its inner layer and grow outward.

  • Cervical cancer

A devastating cancer that affects a woman’s cervix

  • Melanoma

Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer

  • Lymphoma

There are two main types of lymphomas. Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. In lymphoma the lymph nodes become enlarged and the cancer can spread through the lymph system.

  • Lung cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women and may take many years to develop. Once the lung cancer occurs, cancer cells can break away and spread to other parts of the body

  • Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer both in men and in women and develops slowly over a period of several years

  • Head and Neck cancer

Head and neck cancer is a general description that is used for a number of different types malignant tumors that occur in the mouth, throat, sinuses and nasal spaces, the larynx, salivary glands, and the cervical lymph nodes

  • Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer starts in a woman's ovaries and accounts for nearly 4% of all cancers among women, ranking second among the gynecological cancers.

PET/CT can help with the above cancers in the following ways:

  • Provide earlier and more accurate diagnosing, staging and location of tumour
  • Help surgeon to develop treatment options for dealing with the tumour
  • Help postoperative follow-up diagnosis
  • Help to detect distant cancerous cell growths that are not normally seen by other methods of imaging.
  • Aid the identification of resistant cancers much earlier than before


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