PET/CT & Melanoma

The most common cancer in the U.S is skin cancer, with Over 1,000,000 people diagnosed every year.

Skin cancer starts in our skin cells and follows the normal cancer pattern of uncontrolled cell grow and multiplication. The skin is the body's outer covering, protecting us against everyday things such as heat, light, injury, and infection. The skins primary function is to regulate our body temperature and store water, fat, and vitamin D.

The skin is the body's largest organ and is made up of two main layers: the outer epidermis and the inner dermis. The epidermis is mostly made up of flat, scale-like cells called squamous cells. Underneath these squamous cells are round cells called basal cells. The deepest part of the epidermis also contains melanocytes, cells that produce melanin to give our skin its colour.

The dermis contains blood and lymph vessels, hair follicles, and glands that produce sweat helping to regulate body temperature, and an oily substance that helps keep the skin from drying out.

Melanoma is a specific form of skin cancer and is almost always curable in its early stages.



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