Various Risk Factors for Breast Cancer
Globally, breast cancer is considered to be the most common cancer diagnosed in Women. It comprises 10.4 per cent of all cancer occurring in women.
There are many factors that influence the woman’s risk of developing breast cancer. The presence of such risk factors does not necessarily mean that cancer in inevitable.
Various Factors That Increase the Risk of Breast Cancer are as Given Below:
- Gender: Women are more likely to develop cancer than men. 75 per cent breast cancer occurs in women over 50 years of age. Men can also develop breast cancer; however it is very rare.
- Age: The risk of breast cancer increases as you get older. Women above 50 have a greater risk of developing cancer as compared to younger women.
- Personal history of breast Cancer: A woman with cancer in one breast has increased risk of developing cancer in the other breast or in another part of the same breast.
- Family history: If you have one first-degree relative with breast cancer, then your chance of being diagnosed with cancer is higher. 20 to 30 per cent of women with breast cancer have a family member with this disease.
- Genes: Certain gene mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer can be passed from parents to children. Inherited mutation in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes is the most common cause of hereditary breast cancer.
- Radiation Exposure: If you received radiation treatment at a young age, then you are more likely to develop breast cancer at a later stage.
- Obesity: Obesity can increase the risk of breast cancer, especially for women after menopause.
- Menstrual periods: Women who started menstruating before age 12 have a higher risk of breast cancer.
Apart from the above mention risk factors, your lifestyle, race, diet, age during childbirth are the other deciding factors.