Rupture Of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Detection And Effects

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm is a serious disorder affecting the arteries. Commonly it occurs exactly below the level of renal arteries and above bifurcation of common iliac arteries. Complications due to the condition mostly lead to the rupture of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

The effects of a rupture include excessive internal hemorrhage, intravascular thrombosis, hypovolemic shock, peripheral embolism, aortocaval fistula (if rupturing takes place into inferior vena cava), and acute aortic occlusion, aortodudenal fistula (if rupturing occurs into duodenum), several cardiovascular disorders and congestive heart failure. Majority of people who experience the rupture of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm are likely to die. Therefore, it is extremely important for such patients to receive regular and vigilant monitoring, particularly with an increase in age.

The aneurysms taking place at the aortic root (closer to the heart) are likely to rupture with sizes close to 5 cm. Therefore, such aneurysms need to be treated in a more effective manner. In such a situation, the patient must stop smoking because it increases the possibility of aneurysm enlargement. Moreover, surveillance is recommended for small aneurysms wherein the risk of repair is greater than the risk of rupture. If a patient is experiencing any such indication, he/she needs to seek immediate medical help.

Ultrasonography is described as a cost-efficient modality for the patients of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. Not only does it helps in diagnosing the presence of aneurysm, but also evaluates its anatomical position, extent and size. Moreover, it is also useful for detection of a ruptured aneurysm through visualization of retroperitoneal and peritoneal fluid (hemorrhage).

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