Find Effective Use Of Radiation Treatment For Thyroid Diseases

The use of radiation technology for thyroid scan can detect thyroid problems, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. In the nuclear medical imaging, the thyroid scan and radioactive iodine uptake test (RAIU) is performed. Nuclear medicine can be used to diagnose or treat a variety of diseases and thyroid disease is one of them.

There are certain types of thyroid problems that can be divided into papillary carcinomas, medullary thyroid carcinomas, follicular carcinomas, primary thyroid lymphomas, and primary thyroid sarcomas. The development of the malignant tumor cells in the thyroid glands causes thyroid cancer. Gradually it spreads into the lymph nodes through the lymphatic system. The symptoms are as formation of lump or a nodule on the neck. The thyroid radiation treatment is performed to the infected areas like lymph nodes, thymus and tonsils.

Physicians can use the targeted therapy called systemic radioisotope therapy. It uses the chemical properties of the isotopes like radioiodine which is absorbed by the thyroid gland a thousand-fold better than other bodily organs. The radioisotopes can be infused into the blood stream. Oral iodine-131 is used to treat thyroid cancer. During the treatment procedure, the radiotracer is either placed through injection in the vein or inhaled in the form of gas that accumulates in the organ or area under examination. The most preferred equipment for this radiation therapy is gamma camera that is capable for producing pictures from different angles.  

The computed tomography scanner is another device that is used to detect the cancerous cells. Through the x-ray examinations, the image can be taken from the out side of the body. In this way, gamma camera, X-ray, PET scanner, or probe are able to detect energy which help to the computer system in finding both structure and function of the body. The use of thyroid radiation treatment provides effective method of the fatal thyroid disease.

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