Get to Know About the Different Types of Nuclear Medicine Scans
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine that uses radioactive isotopes (radionuclides) to provide information about a person’s anatomy and the functioning of specific organs. The invaluable information enables physicians to provide a quick of diagnosis of medical conditions such as cancer, heart disease, thyroid disorders and bone fractures. The radionuclides work on the principle of radioactive decay for diagnosis and treatment of disease.
During the nuclear medicine procedure, radionuclides are combined with other chemical compounds or pharmaceuticals to form radiopharmaceuticals. As these are administered to the patient, the radiopharmaceuticals localize to specific organs or cellular receptors. This unique property of radiopharmaceuticals allows the doctors to capture images to evaluate the extent of a disease-process in the body, based on the cellular function and physiology, instead of drawing inference based on physical changes in the tissue anatomy.
There are different types of nuclear medicine scans such as:
Thyroid Scan, Kidney Scan, PET scan, MUGA Scan and White Blood Cell Scan are the other types of nuclear medicine scans.