Osteopenia - Preventable and Treatable For Almost Everyone

Osteopenia refers to a condition in which bone mineral density is lower than normal but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis. It is considered to be a precursor to osteoporosis and reflects a common condition of brittle bone that can result in fracture.

Osteopenia results when new bone formation does not occur at a rate which can offset normal bone loss. Generally at the age of 30, the bone mass reaches peak BMD and then as people grow older, bones tend to become thinner increasing their risk of breaking.

Women are at a higher risk of developing osteopenia as compared to men. This is because women have a lower peak BMD. At the time of menopause, hormonal changes take place; the loss of bone mass speeds up contributing to this condition.

Some of the common factors that lead to osteopenia in men and women are as given below:
  • Eating or metabolism disorder, which does not allow the body to take in and use enough vitamins and minerals
  • Chemotherapy or medicines used for the treatment of a number of ailments
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Family history
  • Lifestyle: Limited physical activity, sedentary job, regular smoking and drinking habit
Bone mineral density (BMD) test is conducted to diagnose Osteopania. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is the most appropriate test that can detect as little as 2 per cent of bone loss per year.

Osteopenia is preventable for almost everyone. High intake of calcium, magnesium, vitamin and minerals in your diet can keep this disease at bay.


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